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Roulette History

Roulette, translated from French means "small wheel”, is the most popular game of chance in Europe. The exact origin of Roulette is unknown, but there are theories that the game was either invented in China and brought to Europe by Dominican monks who were trading with the Chinese or that Blaise Pascal, a 17th Century French mathematician, invented the game.

The single "0" Roulette game, known as European Roulette, was developed in 1842 by Frenchmen Francois and Louis Blanc. As gambling was illegal in France during this time, the game came onto the scene in Hamburg, Germany where it grew in popularity and replaced an earlier version that featured higher odds. Some time later, Francois and his son Camille brought the game back to southern France for the Prince of Monaco, Charles III and the lavish, world-famous resort of Monte Carlo was born.

Roulette hit America in the early 1800s, but the above improvements were removed, and the double "00" returned, resulting in American Roulette. The game became well played in the old American West during the California Gold Rush.

As gambling became legal throughout France, the game of Roulette remained restricted to Monte Carlo until 1933; this ensured both the luxurious Monte Carlo Casino and the game of Roulette remained exclusive and popular.

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